Present Continuous Verb – lesson 1


What is the Present Continuous verb?

This verb is very simple.  Look for the main verb and then add: ‘ing’.  For example: talk: talking,   go: going,   speak: speaking,  walk: walking,  meet: meeting.  Examples:  I am going,  We are going,  Are you going?  I am not going,  She is talking.  You can use this verb whenever you are thinking about a temporary happening and something which happens during a limited period of time.

Form: Be + verb: ing.  Examples: is coming / are coming / was looking / were waiting

Is / are / was / were: these are forms of: Be and are all auxiliary verbs.

 

Positive sentences:

We’re (we are) living in a small apartment.   She’s (she is) travelling to work by bicycle while the bus strike is on.   John was working in a shop when he was noticed by a TV company.  She was appearing regularly on the stage of the world’s best theatre.  These are all temporary events or temporary habits.  They don’t go on and on.

 

Negative sentences:  Put a contraction after: is, are, was, were.

For example: isn’t / aren’t / wasn’t / weren’t  (is not / are not / was not / were not).   After the contraction add a verb with ing.  For example: John isn’t playing very well: he has scored only two goals this season.   They aren’t going to the event this year (they are not going to the event this year).  They told me that they weren’t at the event  (they told me that they were not at the event).

 

Questons:

put the auxiliary verb: am, is, are, was, were in front of the subject: I, we, they, you.

Examples: are you getting on all right?  What are you doingWere you playing in the team at the football game?

 

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Lesson 1

Level of student for this lesson: Beginners – Lower intermediate (A1 – B2)

Aim of this Lesson: to practice using the present continuous verb and vocabulary in a sentence using reading and listening (receptive).  Plus speaking (production).

Theme for this lesson: Global Goal (13): Climate Change.  This lesson is based on a summarised story in the media about Climate Change and young people protesting around the world to try to get political leaders to take action.

 

 

Vocabulary for the lesson:

First of all here is some vocabulary to help you to get through the lesson:

Warning……………to say that something is dangerous or a problem (verb)

Supporting………..to give assistance to somebody or to assist a cause (adjective)

Protesting…………someone shows publicly that they do not like something (verb)

Blocking……………..to stop somebody or something from entering a place (verb)

Starting………………to begin doing something (verb)

Telling………………..showing the truth about something (adjective)

Melting………………a process of changing from a solid into a liquid or gas (verb)

 

Please read the first two paragraphs of this story:

 

A Current Global Event

This is a story about a current environmental global event which is relevant to everybody in every part of the world.  

“Starting from about 1970, the oceans of the world have been getting warmer and warmer.   It seems that the oceans have soaked up 90 per cent of the heat which has been generated by fossil fuels and the gas known as CO2.   Then, from 1993, this global process almost became out of control when the heat started to generate twice as fast.  The reason is because the glaciers and frozen icy lands of Greenland and Antarctica are melting at a fast rate.

In a recent study from the United Nations, scientists are speaking about the facts and also making it known that there is an urgent global goal for change.  Positive action needs to take place now and before 2030.  A 50% reduction of heat from the burning of fossil fuels is needed.  However, scientists are warning that it is now too late to reverse the melting of the frozen ice and glaciers which is currently taking place.

In 2019, a young 16 year old student from Sweden, Greta Thunberg came on to the scene.  She made a global protest about what is happening to our planet.  She made the protest to warn the politicians of the world that they should take urgent action to save our planet.   On Friday 20th September 2019, Greta led a worldwide protest.  On that day more than 4,600 events in 139 countries took place and a lot of them involved civil disobedience with the blocking of major roads.  They were demonstrating in the streets to cause as much chaos as possible.

The aim was to show politicians that the young people around the world have come out of their schools and colleges to protest about something that they believe needs urgent action.

Raymond Van Neste

November 2019

Copyright: A Current Global Event © Raymond Van Neste.  November 2019.  Reference: the above story summarises statistics and facts from two articles on the United Nations Sustainable Development Global Goals Website for Global Goal 13 Climate Change and Climate Action – Why it Matters.  The above story also used information from the Evening Standard Newspaper 20/9/19.  Authors: Anthony France and Daniel O’Mahoney.  Also: an article from the BBC: ‘Climate Change UN panel signals red alert on ‘Blue Planet’, by Matt McGrath.

Final task:

Look again at the words ending in: ing and then add: ing on to different action verbs such as: block, go, protest, melt, and with your friends see if you can create some simple sentences such as: she is protesting, the ice is melting.  Or, if you are a beginner, simply learn some action verbs such as: start, melt, warn, tell, protest.  Try to learn the verbs in the context of the story. 

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Next lesson – Information:

Lesson 2, will be about the present simple verb and the theme for the lesson will be Global Goal 1: Poverty.

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Information about the United Nations

What are the Sustainable Development Goals?