Theme for this lesson: Global Goal (1) End Poverty.
What is the Present Simple?
For this verb just use the base form of the verb: speak / eat / walk / think / work. Things which we think of as generally true and unlimited in time without a beginning or an ending. You can use the Present Simple to talk about permanent situations and things that happen regularly or all of the time. You can use the Present Simple to talk about habits, routines, repeated actions and things that are done usually.
Always or generally true: the sun rises in the east. General facts: ice melts in a warm climate. States: She looks like her mother / I don’t know his name
Habits, routines, repeated actions: I always get the eight O’ clock train / I usually play in defence / The Blue cafe closes on Mondays
States, senses and feelings that are happening around now use verbs such as: believe / know / live / have / feel / like / taste. For example: your hair feels so soft / this tea tastes funny / I don’t trust Hillary
Positive (+): (third person singular add: ‘s’): She thinks / he thinks / it thinks / John thinks / she looks / she knows. Other subjects: I think / we think / They think / I want / I look / they look / I know.
Question (?): For questions start the sentence with do or does. For example: does she think? do you eat at home? Also: you can ask a question with do or does by starting the sentence with why and then the negative. For example: why don’t you want to eat? / why doesn’t this machine make a noise? The verb can be used for a present habit or custom: Does he play football? No, he doesn’t. / what do you do on weekdays? Well, I get up at seven, have breakfast, walk to the station, and catch the train to work. I arrive home from work at about six o’clock.
Negative (not): She doesn’t think (she does not think). I don’t eat at home (I do not eat at home). I don’t work (I do not work)
NOTES 1: Sometimes you need to add ‘s’ for example: she thinks / John thinks / he thinks. If you are describing somebody or something. But don’t use ‘s’ for: I think / they think / we think. For questions start the sentence with: ‘do’ or ‘does’ (before the verb). For negative sentences use ‘do not’ or ‘does not’ in the sentence and you can also shorten it: doesn’t / don’t. Also, see: NOTES 2 at the bottom of this page.
Level of student for this lesson: Beginners – Lower intermediate (A1 – B2)
Aim of this Lesson: to practice using the present simple verb and vocabulary in a sentence using reading and listening (receptive). Plus speaking (production).
Theme for this lesson: Global Goal (1) End Poverty. This lesson is based on a summarised story in the media about children in poverty around the world.
Vocabulary for the lesson:
First of all here is some vocabulary to help you to get through the lesson:
Dedicate……………to give all of your time and energy (verb)
Suffer………………..to experience physical or mental pain (verb)
Help………………….to seek or to give assistance (verb)
Look…………………to see something (verb)
Need………………..to want something a lot. To want something (verb)
Live………………..to be alive or have life (verb)
Please read the first two paragraphs of this story:
This is a story about the United Nations Director Antonio Gutteres telling the world (at the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty) that children suffer more than adults when poverty is at its worst and the institutions around the world need to continue to work hard towards global goal 1, which is to end poverty:
UN Director Antonio Gutteres said that global poverty and especially the poverty of children should be remembered right now. This is because every year on 16th October there is a special meeting at the United Nations to look and to dedicate itself to the world’s poorest children. There are more than 700 million people worldwide who live on less than $1.90 a day. At least half of all children under five globally suffer from hidden poverty. Children need essential nutrients so that they can have a better chance of survival and a better future.
Children are also more vulnerable to climate change. Since 1990, global events such as floods and droughts as well as extreme heat have been more frequent. Children are affected very badly. Waterborne diseases increase children’s chances of becoming ill or dying.
As well as this diabetes which is a serious illness is also relevant to children who are once again vulnerable to this type of disease and sickness. Obesity causes type 2 diabetes and other related diseases. A lot of media campaigns target Children to tempt them to eat junk food and sugary drinks. The result is that children are often the victims of marketing campaigns which target children as a source of profit.
The director of the United Nations concluded by saying it is very important that Global Goal 1, which is to end poverty, gives a special priority to children, families and communities around the world in the work of eradicating poverty in the decades to come.
The above story used information from UNICEF: The Changing Face of Malnutritian – the state of the world’s children 2019 and also from: UN News: ending extreme poverty crucial to sustainable future for all; UN chief
Look again at basic verbs such as: start / melt / warn / tell / look / tempt / eat and then with your friends see if you can create some simple sentences such as: I will look / they will look / I will look at it / I will eat it / I will tempt you / please don’t tempt me. Or, if you are a beginner, simply learn some simple verbs such as: start / melt / warn / tell. Try to learn the verbs in the context of the story.
Raymond Van Neste December 2019
Next lesson – Information:
Lesson 3, will be about the past simple verb and the theme for the lesson will be Global Goal 6: Clean Water and Sanitation
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Information about the United Nations
What are the Sustainable Development Goals?
The Present Simple can be used with frequency adverbs like: always, never, sometimes, ever, usually, often
What do you do at weekends? Well, I don’t work at weekends, so I usually go shopping on Saturday. In summer I sometimes go fishing and in winter I often play football. I never go swimming. I hate it.