This page gives extra information about the Past simple Verb. Here is the link to the original lesson: link to Lesson 3
What is the Past Simple Verb? Additional information:
The Past Simple is used to refer to the past, something that happened such as an event which is a completed event or a state or an action. It started in the past and it finished in the past – it does not continue in to the present moment. Whatever happened in the past happened within a finished period of time.
The Past Simple adds: ‘ed’ on to the main verb (regular verbs)
for example: I looked / I walked / they looked / she looked
Simple verbs: jump / skip / use / look / walk
Add ‘ed’ for the past: I jumped / I skipped / I used / I looked / I walked
But a lot of verbs don’t end in ‘ed’ (irregular verbs). Instead they change to the past tense without the ‘ed’:
use becomes used (used is in the past)
mean becomes: meant (meant is in the past)
see becomes: saw (saw is in the past)
go becomes: went (went is in the past)
do becomes: did (did is in the past)
make becomes: made (made is in the past)
give becomes: gave (gave is in the past)
have becomes had (had is in the past)
+ Positive sentence in the past: he gave him a present
– Negative sentences in the past, use: ‘didn’t‘. He didn’t go (he did not go)
Questions about the past, use: ‘did‘. Did he go to the cinema last night?
Verb to be:
NOTES: some irregular verbs are auxiliaries and they also have irregular past tense forms. For example: be / have / do:
have becomes: had (use had for the past)
be becomes: was / were (use was or were for the past)
do becomes: did (use did for the past)
NOTE: What is happening here is that the auxiliary verbs are being used to form the past simple tense and they are the main past simple verbs in the sentence. In other words we’re using the auxiliary verbs: be, have and do to form the past simple sentences. The auxiliary verbs: had / didn’t / did, are verbs that can be used to state that something happened at some time during the past but not at the present time. If I say that I was or they were or I had or I did, I’m referring to the past and not the present time.
The Past Simple verb places a state or an action at a definite time in the past.
‘When did you first meet your wife?
‘I met her in 2014, but we didn’t marry until quite recently
For many centuries the Romans were the rulers of a large part of the world.
In these two examples (above) the exact time is not clear but there is still mentioned a period or time or some point of time.
Two further examples (below), In these examples the time is not mentioned but it is still clear that the person speaking is thinking of a particular time:
Where did you get that bike? I bought it at the market
Did you see that video about robots? No, I was too busy.
Unreal present or future time:
It can be used as a way of saying that something might happen in the present moment or in the future but it is unlikely to happen.
If I owned a house I would look after it properly (I do not own a house).
The past simple can be used not only with action verbs in the past but it can also describe something in the past using state verbs. For example:
Once there was a giant who lived in a castle
Finally, a special feature of the the past simple. The past simple uses an action verb to describe things that happen repeatedly, such as a habit. Some examples:
Every morning he got up and ate breakfast before he went for a walk. When used in this way you can use phrases that relate to a length of time or something that happens over and over again, such as: every morning, or relating to a length of time: All the winter he went out in his car.
You can also use adverbials to give a more specific time in the past, for example:last night / at 9 o’clock / in 1989 / three months ago
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