Present Perfect Verb – lesson 7


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What is the Present Perfect Verb?

This verb is based on has or have.  It gives a link between the past and the present.  The time of the action is not specified.  Also, it adds: ed (past participle regular verb) on to the main verb. Examples: walked / talked / lived / worked / I have visited Japan/ I have lived in London since 1984 (and I still do).

In addition it also uses past irregular verbs (not ending in ed): read / seen / had / spoken / gone.  Examples: I have read it / We have had the same house for many years / She has read ‘War and Peace’ / I have seen it / I have just seen it (you can add just for the very recent past).

Notes: You can use shortened versions of I have not / she has not.  Examples: I have not seen it: I haven’t seen it.   She has not walked the dog : She hasn’t walked the dog.  For questions start the sentence with have, example: have they walked today?   Has he talked today? (use has for ‘he’ or ‘she’).

As a general guide use has when talking about a single item.  And use have when talking about more than one item.  Examples: they have gone to the book opening / he has gone to the book opening.  Exception: if a question has you in it then in this case use have: Example: have you seen the moon?

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Lesson 7

Theme for the lesson: Global Goal 2 – Zero Hunger

 

Vocabulary for the lesson:

Enough…………..to not want a further amount / it is enough (adverb)

Increase…………when something is added to make it bigger (verb)

Rural………………countryside / undeveloped / further away from the city (adjective)

Livelihood……..earning money from a job to enable daily living needs (noun)

Sustainable……something that can be kept going so that it is able to exist over a period of time (adjective)

Acted………………when somebody is committed to doing something specific and it is now finished (past participle of ‘act’), (verb)

Malnutrition…when there is not enough food or not the right food to sustain good health (noun)

 

 

Please read the first two paragraphs of this story:

Story

This is a short summary about people’s needs in different parts of the world who have suffered because of a lack of food and also a lack of the right kind of food.

From the articles on the United Nations Development Website I have looked and can see that in today’s world a terrible travesty exists where there are huge numbers of people without enough food to enable them to simply stay alive.  Also, it would seem that the situation has declined because from 2014 until 2017 the actual number of people with not enough food to eat in one part of world increased by 42 million people.

Extreme hunger is a terrible burden for a huge number of people and it causes people to become victims in many ways.  For example in Sub-Saharan Africa because of malnutrition people are put in to a position where they are less likely to live sustainable lives.  The reason for this is because of disease or a lack of medical held and a lack of opportunities such as getting a better livelihood.  They are also hindered because severe malnutrition acts as a barrier to education and gender equality.

 

The above story is a summary of two article on the United Nations Global Goals development website for Global Goal 2:  Zero Hunger and Zero Hunger – Why it Matters

 

Final task:

Look again at basic verbs ending with ed.  Examples: suffered / walked / talked.  Then with your friends see if you can create some simple sentences with: has or have.   Try to learn the above verbs (Present Perfect Verbs) and the use of has or have in the context of the story above.   Please first read the notes at the top of this page. 

 

End of Lesson

 

Next lesson:

The next lesson (lesson 8) will be on Saturday 1st February 2020.  The lesson will be on the Past Perfect Verb and the theme will be about Global Goal 10 – Reduced Inequalites

 

Useful links: 

Global Goal 10 –Reduced Inequalities

Global Goal 10 – Reduced Inequalities – Why it Matters

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Information about the United Nations

What are the Sustainable Development Goals?

 

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