Future Perfect Verb – Lesson 9


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What is the Future Perfect Verb?

This verb is used to look at a completed event or action in the future.  We can look back at an event or action that will be completed some time in the future.  It uses the verb to have.  If you add will it then relates to the future.  Example: I will have completed my task by 6pm tomorrow.   It also adds the past verb (past participle of the main verb or a past irregular verb).  Examples: arrived / finished / eaten / been / gone.

Examples: I will have arrived / you will have eaten / they will have gone / you will not have arrived: you won’t have arrived (negative) / Will they have arrived? (question).

More examples: in ten minutes time John will have been there for one hour  /  I will have arrived by 6pm  /  they won’t have arrived by 5pm  /  I won’t have arrived when you get home from work.

Notes: This verb is usually used when using a time expression such as: next week / in an hour / in ten year’s time / when you get home from work / in twenty years time

 

Lesson 9

Theme for the lesson: Global Goal 5 – Gender Equality

 

 

Vocabulary for the lesson:

Potential…………something which is possible for a person or situation and can add value, meaning or an increase in something to a person or situation (adjective)

Gender……………male or female (noun)

Equality………….when men and women have an equal right in every aspect of life (noun)

Inequality………when people are not given an equal share or treated equally (noun)

Mutilation……..a violent removal of a part of something (noun)

Disadvantage…a situation where a person or something has less or not enough and this causes them to be less successful (noun).

 

 

Please read the last three paragraphs of this story:

Story

This story is about how women and girls in a lot of countries around the world today are at a big disadvantage in terms of equality.  The situation is improving but there is a long way to go.

The global goal being looked at here (goal 5) is: ‘Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls’.  This global goal is very much needed in our world today.

In terms of equality women and girls have suffered because they were not able to gain an education.  The labour market consists of both women and men but because of the lack of opportunities for women and girls this leads to a lack of skills and a poor future in terms of jobs.

In 49 countries there are currently no laws regarding domestic violence.  Some good news is that there is a big reduction in terrible practices such as child marriage and FGM (female genital mutilation).  Both the rate of FGM in 30 countries where this happens and child marriages have declined by 30 per cent during the last ten years.  However, the current statistics are terrible because 750 million women and girls were married before the age of 18.  For girls in the same 30 countries (mainly Africa and the Middle East) one in three around the age range of 15 to 19 have been victims of FGM.    Women and girls need to have equal access to health services, education and jobs as well as being a part of political processes.

Even though woman and girls represent half of the world’s population they suffer inequality and discrimination at all levels.  The outcome being that they have a higher mortality rate.  An example would be how women and girls are victims of a very high rate of physical and sexual violence which affects women at every level of society.  Part of this cruel practice is child marriage where women and girls have experienced either physical, sexual or non-sexual violence.  FGM causes bleeding and infections as well as HIV, child birth complications, infertility and death.

The aim of the United Nations is to work towards fulfilling the Global Goals by 2030.   In other words if the UN continues to work towards the fulfilment of the goals and is successful then countries around the world will have achieved this by 2030.

If somebody asked me: ‘won’t they have achieved success by 2030?’ I hope that in 2030 I will be able to say: The UN and countries around the world have achieved great things and all things are possible!

 

The above story summarises facts from two articles on the United Nations Global Goals development website for Global Goal 5: Gender equality and Gender Equality: Why it Matters   Photo: the main photograph (featured image) at the beginning of the lesson was taken by: Raymond Van Neste 6955422_preview Beautiful Array of Flowers in the Park. 2010.

 

 

Final task:

Look again at basic verbs ending with ed (regular) or ordinary past verbs (irregular).  Examples: been / ate / suffered / walked / talked.  Then with your friends see if you can create some simple sentences with: will have or won’t have.  Try to learn the use of will have or won’t have in the context of the story above. 

 

 

End of Lesson

 

Next lesson:

The next lesson (lesson 10) will be on Saturday 15th February 2020.  The lesson will be on the Present Perfect Continuous Verb and the theme will be about Global Goal 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities

 

Useful links: 

Global Goal 11 – Sustainable Cities and Communities

Global Goal 11 – Why they Matter

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Information about the United Nations

What are the Sustainable Development Goals?

 

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