The Verb to Be – lesson 18

Theme for this lesson: 

Global Goal 10Reduced Inequalities




What is the verb to Be?  

See also: What is the verb to be – additional information  (on this blog)


The verb to BE can refer to the present past or future.  It’s the most common and most irregular verb in English.

The verb to Be can be a main verb and in this case it is known as a linking verb. Subject + be + complement.  Examples: I’m hungry / my son is eighteen / John has been a good friend / we’re from Japan

The verb to Be can also be an auxiliary verb when it is followed by a participle.  Be + ing = (progressive).  Subject + be + verb-ing.  Examples: Mr Smith is waiting / my sister‘s studying physics / they will be having lunch tomorrow

Note: this is the progressive pattern of the verb phrase and indicates temporary action or action in progress.

Finally, the verb to Be can be followed by the past participle.  Subject + be + past participle.  Examples: the house is surrounded by trees / two apples have been eaten / he’s considered a great man


Lesson 18

Vocabulary for the lesson:

vulnerable……… be easily attacked either physically or verbally (adjective)

pandemic………….a disease which exists over a very wide geographical area (adjective).

productive………..providing a good supply of something (adjective)

endure.……………..a painful experience (verb)

consequences…..the result of an action or situation (noun)



Meeting a friend and having a cup of coffee


Please read the last two paragraphs of this story:



Inequality and a call to humanity in our world today

In this story Raymond Van Neste writes about the United Nations call for humanity to answer a call for support at a time of the Covid-19 pandemic especially for countries that are in the midst of a humanitarian crisis 


Global Goal 10 (Global Gaol 10: Reduced Inequalities) is about the need for more equality in the world today.   However, here is a quick summary of two other global goals which are related to goal 10:    In Global Goal 16 (Global Goal 16 Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions), for example, there is a call for the reduction of violence, homocide, injustice and corruption in order to help people because when these exist it becomes impossible to be productive.   This relates to the economy of any given country as well as a political and social willingness to achieve peace and justice in our world today.

Global Goal 17 (Global goal 17: Partnerships for the goals), is a goal directed to all of the Global goals to see what might be needed to make progress.   In goal 17 it’s necessary to work for the cooperation and willingness of all countries around the world to work together.  For example it‘s necessary to work effectively to overcome the Covid-19 pandemic.  Currently many countries around the world are at a huge loss with not enough money or resources to save lives.  It‘s now that cooperation and a better understanding is needed of the needs which affect the world as a whole.


Global Goal 10: reduced inequalities:

With regard to Global goal 10 (reduced inequalities) because of the lack of resources and aid currently available the results of this are that the weakest, poorest and most vulnerable groups of people around the world have had to endure terrible suffering.  With the inclusion of the Covid-19 pandemic there is a consequence in terms of human lives.

Where there is already a social infrastructure of poor or non-existent health resources, a weak economy, war, violence and severe poverty then these communities around the world have become even more vulnerable.   The need has become so desperate that the United Nations has called for humanity to help these countries and communities which are now almost totally dependant on aid and don’t have the resources to save lives.

In the last three lessons on this blog I described how I had met with some friends in a local cafe.  For example, one of my friends, John works for a global research organisation which does a lot of research about different economies around the world.   A few days ago, I met with John and also Anne.  Both John and Anne work for the same organisation.  The organisation is based in London but has branches situated in different countries around the world.


Humanitarian Crisis

A few days ago I met with my friends, John and Anne.  We went to a local cafe for a cup of coffee.  John and Anne spoke about how they were coping with the pandemic and explained that they are currently working from home as a consequence of the pandemic.  I asked them if there are any current updates about the pandemic in relation to the work of the United Nations.   They told me that the United Nations are working on a campaign to raise funds globally to help especially those countries which are  currently in the midst of a terrible humanitarian crisis such as the situation in Yemen.

Anne said I‘m working with John to get our latest project done.  We‘re both working very hard to promote the UN’s campaign which is relentless because there is a huge need and a call for humanity to finally realise that now is the time for help.  John said that he wasn’t feeling very healthy at the moment since he had been working for very long hours during the last month.

Raymond Van Neste.   Inequality and a call to humanity in our world today © 27 July 2020




Final Task

After reading the story above use is or are to make some simple sentences.  For example: what is your name?  My name is John.   What are you doing tomorrow?  I‘m feeling tired.


End of lesson


Next lesson: 

Next on this blog: linking verbs will be analysed.  This will enable students to have a solid grasp of linking verbs before proceeding with further lessons on this blog.


Useful links:

Global Goal 10:  Reduced Inequalities

Global Goal 10:  Reduced Inequalities – why it matters

Facebook: English Grammar – LIVE 

Information about the United Nations

What are the Sustainable Development Goals?

Past Perfect verb –Lesson 8  (this lesson is also about Global Goal 10: Reduced Inequalities)

Global Goal 16 – Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions


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